The Guru Granth Sahib is the pivotal religious text of Sikhism, a sacred and fundamental religious book among the world’s great scriptures. It is considered as the eternal living Guru of Sikhs rather than any living person, the Supreme Spiritual Authority and Head of the Sikh religion. It was originally composed in 1469 by the Fifth Guru Arjan and named “Adi Granth”. Later it was supplemented and ruled by the following Gurus until 1708, when the “Guru Granth Sahib” was appointed Tenth Guru Gobind Singh as the eleventh Guru and Gure for all subsequent times. “Granth” – the ultimate teacher of the Sikhs. “Sikh” means: his devoted disciple.
The Granth is written in Gurmukhi script, also the official script for writing the Punjabi language in India and means “originating from the mouth of the Guru”.
After compiling the Granth, the Guru placed it in the newly-built Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) in Amritsar. On August 30, 1604 in the Golden Temple Guru Arjan performed the first opening ceremony (parkash). Sri Guru Granth Sahib has several hymns from Sikh Guru and its presence in any building or place of prayer makes the place of high spiritual and religious importance thus it’s called Gurdwara (the abode of God).
Sikhism is against praying the idol; instead the religion considers the holy book as the words from the Guru. Hence the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is placed in the Gurdwara, prayed and read daily during the prayer time. The Guru Granth Sahib is the central part of the Darbar Sahib and emphasises the importance of believing in God, refinement of the soul and spiritual salvation as a way to unite with the God.
Full Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is a collection of hymns (Shabad) or Bani, divided by musical settings or ragas in 1430 Angs (pages) consisting of 6000 shabads (line compositions) that are set to rhythmic ancient Indian of music. Guru Granth Sahib is categorized into two sections as:
– Introductory consisting of the Mul Mantar, Japji and Sohila, composed by Guru Nanak;
– Ragas that are compositions of Sikh gurus followed by the Sikh followers collected according to the chronology of ragas or musical settings.
“Raga” refers to the “color” or the emotion produced by a combination of pitches, composed of a series of melodic motifs. The Ragas are arranged in pages and are called as Angs meaning limbs of the Sikh tradition. The ragas indicate specific mood and emotion produced by the pitches arising from the tones and may be associated with specific times of the day when they are more appropriate than others.
The ragas are arranged in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib in the order of their Sikh gurus who have contributed them. With a total of 31 ragas, they are divided into 14 ragas and 17 raginis.
The most part of was composed by seven Sikh Gurus – Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan, Guru Teg Bahadur and Guru Gobind Singh
Sri Guru Granth Sahib also known as Adi Sri Granth Sahib Ji, forms the central part of the Darbar Sahib where the book is placed on a raised surface covered with an attractive coloured cloth under a canopy. Everyone entering the Gurdwara must cover their head and bow before Sri Guru Granth Sahib in respect and spend peaceful time listening to the hymns.
Japji Sahib is a very popular prayer Sikh prayer, it appears at the beginning of the Full Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Some believe the Japji Sahib is the first composition of Guru Nanak Dev Ji (founder of Sikhism).
Download Guru Granth Sahib in English and Punjabi
You can download Guru Granth Sahib, Japji Sahib, Sukhmani Sahib with lyrics in English and Punjabi on your iPhone or iPad with Dhur Ki Bani Mobile App
Dhur Ki Bani App are developed further to include shabads in English and Punjabi from Shri Dasam Granth Sahib, Bhai Gurdas Vaaran and Kabit Saviyye.